Combining 3D face representations using region covariance descriptors and statistical models

Janez Križaj, Vitomir Štruc, Simon Dobrišek (2013): Combining 3D face representations using region covariance descriptors and statistical models. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition and Workshops (IEEE FG), Workshop on 3D Face Biometrics, IEEE, Shanghai, China, 2013.

Abstract

The paper introduces a novel framework for 3D face recognition that capitalizes on region covariance descriptors and Gaussian mixture models. The framework presents an elegant and coherent way of combining multiple facial representations, while simultaneously examining all computed representations at various levels of locality. The framework first computes a number of region covariance matrices/descriptors from different sized regions of several image representations and then adopts the unscented transform to derive low-dimensional feature vectors from the computed descriptors. By doing so, it enables computations in the Euclidean space, and makes Gaussian mixture modeling feasible. In the last step a support vector machine classification scheme is used to make a decision regarding the identity of the modeled input 3D face image. The proposed framework exhibits several desirable characteristics, such as an inherent mechanism for data fusion/integration (through the region covariance matrices), the ability to examine the facial images at different levels of locality, and the ability to integrate domain-specific prior knowledge into the modeling procedure. We assess the feasibility of the proposed framework on the Face Recognition Grand Challenge version 2 (FRGCv2) database with highly encouraging results.

BibTeX (Download)

@conference{FG2013,
title = {Combining 3D face representations using region covariance descriptors and statistical models},
author = {Janez Kri\v{z}aj and Vitomir \v{S}truc and Simon Dobri\v{s}ek},
url = {http://luks.fe.uni-lj.si/nluks/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/FG2013.pdf},
year  = {2013},
date = {2013-05-01},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition and Workshops (IEEE FG), Workshop on 3D Face Biometrics},
publisher = {IEEE},
address = {Shanghai, China},
abstract = {The paper introduces a novel framework for 3D face recognition that capitalizes on region covariance descriptors and Gaussian mixture models. The framework presents an elegant and coherent way of combining multiple facial representations, while simultaneously examining all computed representations at various levels of locality. The framework first computes a number of region covariance matrices/descriptors from different sized regions of several image representations and then adopts the unscented transform to derive low-dimensional feature vectors from the computed descriptors. By doing so, it enables computations in the Euclidean space, and makes Gaussian mixture modeling feasible. In the last step a support vector machine classification scheme is used to make a decision regarding the identity of the modeled input 3D face image. The proposed framework exhibits several desirable characteristics, such as an inherent mechanism for data fusion/integration (through the region covariance matrices), the ability to examine the facial images at different levels of locality, and the ability to integrate domain-specific prior knowledge into the modeling procedure. We assess the feasibility of the proposed framework on the Face Recognition Grand Challenge version 2 (FRGCv2) database with highly encouraging results.},
keywords = {3d face recognition, biometrics, covariance descriptors, face recognition, face verification, FG, gaussian mixture models, GMM, unscented transform},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {conference}
}