Deep pair-wise similarity learning for face recognition

Klemen Grm, Simon Dobrišek, Vitomir Štruc (2016): Deep pair-wise similarity learning for face recognition. 4th International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF), IEEE 2016.

Abstract

Recent advances in deep learning made it possible to build deep hierarchical models capable of delivering state-of-the-art performance in various vision tasks, such as object recognition, detection or tracking. For recognition tasks the most common approach when using deep models is to learn object representations (or features) directly from raw image-input and then feed the learned features to a suitable classifier. Deep models used in this pipeline are typically heavily parameterized and require enormous amounts of training data to deliver competitive recognition performance. Despite the use of data augmentation techniques, many application domains, predefined experimental protocols or specifics of the recognition problem limit the amount of available training data and make training an effective deep hierarchical model a difficult task. In this paper, we present a novel, deep pair-wise similarity learning (DPSL) strategy for deep models, developed specifically to overcome the problem of insufficient training data, and demonstrate its usage on the task of face recognition. Unlike existing (deep) learning strategies, DPSL operates on image-pairs and tries to learn pair-wise image similarities that can be used for recognition purposes directly instead of feature representations that need to be fed to appropriate classification techniques, as with traditional deep learning pipelines. Since our DPSL strategy assumes an image pair as the input to the learning procedure, the amount of training data available to train deep models is quadratic in the number of available training images, which is of paramount importance for models with a large number of parameters. We demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed learning strategy by developing a deep model for pose-invariant face recognition, called Pose-Invariant Similarity Index (PISI), and presenting comparative experimental results on the FERET an IJB-A datasets.

BibTeX (Download)

@conference{grm2016deep,
title = {Deep pair-wise similarity learning for face recognition},
author = { Klemen Grm and Simon Dobri\v{s}ek and Vitomir \v{S}truc},
url = {http://luks.fe.uni-lj.si/nluks/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/IWBF_2016.pdf},
year  = {2016},
date = {2016-01-01},
booktitle = {4th International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF)},
pages = {1--6},
organization = {IEEE},
abstract = {Recent advances in deep learning made it possible to build deep hierarchical models capable of delivering state-of-the-art performance in various vision tasks, such as object recognition, detection or tracking. For recognition tasks the most common approach when using deep models is to learn object representations (or features) directly from raw image-input and then feed the learned features to a suitable classifier. Deep models used in this pipeline are typically heavily parameterized and require enormous amounts of training data to deliver competitive recognition performance. Despite the use of data augmentation techniques, many application domains, predefined experimental protocols or specifics of the recognition problem limit the amount of available training data and make training an effective deep hierarchical model a difficult task. In this paper, we present a novel, deep pair-wise similarity learning (DPSL) strategy for deep models, developed specifically to overcome the problem of insufficient training data, and demonstrate its usage on the task of face recognition. Unlike existing (deep) learning strategies, DPSL operates on image-pairs and tries to learn pair-wise image similarities that can be used for recognition purposes directly instead of feature representations that need to be fed to appropriate classification techniques, as with traditional deep learning pipelines. Since our DPSL strategy assumes an image pair as the input to the learning procedure, the amount of training data available to train deep models is quadratic in the number of available training images, which is of paramount importance for models with a large number of parameters. We demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed learning strategy by developing a deep model for pose-invariant face recognition, called Pose-Invariant Similarity Index (PISI), and presenting comparative experimental results on the FERET an IJB-A datasets.},
keywords = {CNN, deep learning, face recognition, IJB-A, IWBF, performance evaluation, similarity learning},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {conference}
}